Frequent Locations

Group 40:
Ben Quigley

Haohan (Maggie) Wong

Mei (Annabel) Feng

In the planning and brainstorming stage, the group had set up Google Drive and a Twitter chat group to share ideas.

In the beginning, Ben proposed that each of us should individually create a short video related to surveillance, and then edit and combine into one video. Maggie’s idea was about pet surveillance. She wanted to produce a story to show how the pet owners can monitor their pets by installing a camera at home, so they can watch over their pets’ home activities through mobile screens wherever they go.

The inspiration from Annabel resulted from the function ‘Frequent Locations’ of iPhone. This function of the iPhone means that when the location service is turned on, one’s iPhone will automatically record and store the locations wherever they go. Based on this trace function, Annabel came up with a storyline related to surveillance. The general plot being that the main male character suspects his girlfriend is having affair with someone, therefore, he checks his girlfriend’s iPhone everyday to look at the records of her frequent locations. Maggie created a character map by using ‘Bubble.us’ to gain a clear view of the plot.

All members were favour of this idea, and we decided to create a 5-6 minutes drama genre film together as a group. However, our group was comprised of two girls and one boy, and each of us should have the opportunity to be on camera. Therefore, after discussion on Twitter, the group members decided to adjust the storyline – Anna suspects her boyfriend Ben is having an affair with her best friend Mandy. Anna checks Ben’s phone everyday by looking at his frequent locations. One day, Ben got home late and told Anna he went to his brother’s, but Anna didn’t believe him. She checked his frequent locations when he went out of the room, and found out Ben went to Mandy’s home instead. Next day, she asked Ben angrily how he cheated on her with her best friend. Ben just realised Anna checked his phone every day, he explained to Anna that he went to Mandy’s place for preparing a birthday surprise for her. Although Anna apologised for the misunderstanding, Ben broke up with Anna because she has broken the trust between their relationship.

Pre-production is a crucial phase that sets the overall vision and blueprint of our project. After the group had finalised the storyline ideas for our surveillance film, all members were engaged in Twitter chat and Skype conference call to further discuss the tasks required to prepare for the video.

Because we were going for a short film in drama genre, all members agreed that it was necessary to have a script written so that our key messages can be delivered effectively through the dialogues of the characters. Therefore, one of our group members, Ben was assigned to write the script. The script includes details about the location setting, scene and action descriptions, and dialogues of each character. It was uploaded onto google drive for all members to view, to provide constructive feedback, and to rehearse before filming.

As a group, we believed that having a well prepared storyboard could help the group save time and stay organized when shooting and editing the film. So, based on the script, a storyboard was created by Maggie that illustrated the framing, shot size and camera angle for every scene, so the group members can use it as a guide during production and post-production stages.

The filming location was also decided by the group via Skype call in the pre-production stage based on our storyline.  Also, a ring box that serves as an important prop for our final scene was prepared prior to filming by Annabel.

Because the group were well prepared in pre-production, the filming stage went smooth, and we got our shots done within an hour. The film was shot with iPhone because of its ability to record good quality image and audio, also because it is easy for the members to operate. During the post-production stage, Maggie was assigned to trim and merge all the raw footages

The intended meaning behind this video was to show that while this location tracking technology exists, it could potentially lead to the abuse of this technology. In a relationship between two people (whether they be a couple, mother/daughter, or any relationship where one party has a dominant role over the other), trust is always a major part of that relationship. It was our intent with this video to show how the abuse of that trust can be responsible for the downfall of a relationship.

While the frequent locations tracking feature is a form of surveillance in and of itself, we decided to expand on that by having the story show the extra length that the characters go to in relation to surveillance in the name of a relationship. The character of Anna is scared that her boyfriend is cheating on her, giving her a clear motivation in this story. She wants to make sure that Benjamin isn’t cheating, so she checks his frequent locations. She feels completely justified in doing this, as seen later in the video when she confronts Benjamin, essentially saying that her snooping isn’t a big deal.

Technology can be a great way to keep up to date with what our partners are doing, and can be useful in certain circumstances. With this video we intended to show that a small misunderstanding can escalate when we believe in our technology and surveillance methods over simply talking to people and finding out what is going on. Benjamin may have lied to Anna, but we wanted to show that Anna’s snooping was the more unethical action in the story. Anna’s actions have more dire consequences in the end.

Credit

Annabel Feng- Anna

Ben Quigley- Benjamin

Maggie Wong- Mandy

Directed by Maggie Wong

Filmed by Ben Quigley & Maggie Wong

Story concept by Annabel Feng

Written by Ben Quigley

Edited by Maggie Wong

Surveillance and wearable devices

It is obvious to see, with the development of wearable technology, people can use wearable devices to monitor  body. Various wearable products are in market now. The dash earplugs can measure the user’s heart rate, body temperature, walking speed, the number of steps and calorie consumption level. Only by putting the wireless earplug into the ear can it realise the function of data detection.D-Shirtsmart jacket is able to send the users’ activity data to phone via Bluetooth and its weight is similar to ordinary clothes. The intelligent diaper is really practical. Inventors developed intelligent diaper to perfect supervision of baby’s excretion.Intelligent diapers can not only provide the data about the baby’s kidney function, but also make a warning of the infant’s urinary tract infection.

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Photo credit: Google Glass by Lawrence’s (CC BY 2.0)

Following the Google glasses, Google continues to research and develop on the advanced wearable devices. Google is developing a contact lens that can detect the user’s glucose content and help to calculate the blood glucose of diabetic.

Tweets embedded from my Twitter account: @annabelfeng

The most popular wearable device must be iWatch this year. One of the gossips about Apple watch has attracted my attention: At first, Apple watch was equipped with various sensors which can measure diversified human health indicators, such as body’s stress levels, heart rate, blood pressure,blood sugar and amount of oxygen in the blood, but these medical measuring functions were cut down when Apple watch was formally launched this year. Why?

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Photo credit: Apple Watch 3D models by Martin Hajek (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

As far as I am concerned, the answers are about the surveillance:

1. Where is the boundary between wearable health devices and professional medical devices? Currently on the market, the wearable devices mainly focus on human health data collection and analysis, such as heart rate, body temperature, sleep quality and calorie intake and consumption etc. With the development of a variety of intelligent measurement technology, the boundary of wearable health equipment and medical devices which under strict supervision are becoming increasingly blurred. Does it necessary for wearable devices to get through regulatory scrutiny before be sold in market?

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Photo credit: Privacy by Sean MacEntee (CC BY 2.0)

2. The individual privacy. In fact, the essence of wearable health devices are health data collection and user storage, of course, the collected data may also be uploaded to the cloud server. Like many wearable devices, the use of police body-worn cameras raises heated discussion about privacy for it can record everything they meet whenever police choose to go (Randy and Bryce 2016), it can be used in private homes as well. At present, none of the countries have law that requests special approval before commercial enterprises collect and store personal health information through wearable devices. However, the protection of privacy is highly appreciated by the society in the Internet age, companies should be careful in dealing with personal information. Regarding the privacy controversy about body-worn cameras, Elizabeth (2016) believes that the clear data control policies will be helpful.

 

Reference list:

Elizabeth, E.J 2016, ‘Beyond surveillance: data control and body cameras’, Surveillance & Society, vol.14, no.1, pp. 133-137.

Randy, K.L & Bryce, C.N 2016, ‘Debate introduction: the privacy and surveillance implications of police body cameras’, Surveillance & Society, vol.14, no.1, pp. 113-116.

Surveillance and advertising

Advertising plays an important role in our society since it can be seen everywhere in our community. Along with the gradual transformation of social economy, the change of marketing methods and the diversity of consumer demand, advertising appears in more forms such as digital ones. Therefore, advertising regulation is facing more challenges in this new era. Surveillance becomes significant in the improvement of advertising industry for it is meaningful to reduce negative impact of advertising and optimal allocation of advertising resources.

Tweets embedded from my Twitter account: @annabelfeng

It is often difficult for consumers to identify products when facing lots of advertising in the market. Now some drug advertisers are more likely to aim at the old people for they often lack of information and awareness of risks. They often use words like ‘free experience center’ and ‘health management centre’ to attract old people, and then exaggerate the effect of their products in order to let them buy in a very expensive price. What’s more, as a special group, juveniles are another high-risk victim of advertising. They often mislead by the ‘fantastic’ words and images of ads and sometimes advertising may induce blind competition among youngsters. Children or even young people often lack independent judgment and the ability of self protection, they are more likely to make unreasonable purchase.

In fact, the potential harm of commercial advertising to young adults has already been recognized by regulation institutions. They have issued proposals that the advertising industry should not damage the physical and mental health of young people. However, with the rapid development of the internet, online advertising as a new from of ads has been gradually applied to the marketing activities. Compared with the traditional media ads, online advertising has lots of new features such as highly targeted and wide range of coverage. How to effectively supervise the online advertising market becomes an important issue. For example, though advertising regulation institution have already restricted and regulated tobacco advertising, online advertising has allowed the tobacco industry to promote cigars and cigarettes since online advertising related rules are incomplete (Freeman and Chapman 2008). It is discovered that tobacco advertisements were more likely to spread through websites, such as music sites and social media, where up to 35% of the users are youth under 18 and up to 34% are young adults among 18-24 years old. Because young adults may be more impacted by such advertisements than older people by implied advertisement messages for they often lack independent judgment (Amanda, Ollle & Donna 2013).

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Photo Credit: 1969 Ad, Salem Cigarettes, Young Woman in Meadow with Flowers by Newsweek (CC BY-NC 2.0)

It is delighted to see that traditional advertising regulation has been improved a lot. Recently, the results of public support for increased regulation of drug ads has increased a lot. The U.S. pharmaceutical industry’s trade group has announced DTC marketing guidelines that require their member PHRMA companies to submit their own advertisements to the FDA prior to their broadcasting. The so-called ‘reminder’ advertisements are also banned (Cowden and Katz 2006).

Tweets embedded from my Twitter account: @annabelfeng

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With regard to online advertisement, celebrities should responsible for their advertising posts. Celebrities should bear the relevant legal responsibilities if they post false advertisements on social media and mislead their followers.

Photo Credit: 1977 cosmetics Ad, Cover Girl Mascara with Young Cheryl Tiegs by Classic Film (CC BY-NC 2.0)

 

 

 

 

Reference list:

Amanda, R, Ollle G & Donna, V 2013, ‘Tobacco on the web: surveillance and characterization of online tobacco and e-cigarette advertising’, Tob Control, vol.24, pp. 341-347.

Cowden, A & Katz, K 2006, ‘Food and drug administration surveillance of dermatology-related and nondermatology-related prescription drug advertising in the U.S.A., 2000-2003’,British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 154, no. 5, pp. 950-958.

Freeman, B, Chapman, S 2008, ‘Gone viral? Heard the buzz? A guide for public health practitioners and researchers on how Web 2.0 can subvert advertising restrictions and spread health information’,J Epidemiol Community Health, vol. 62, no. 7, pp. 78-82.

 

ROLES OF DIGITAL MEDIA IN FACILITATING STUDENT LEARNING AND ENGAGEMENT

Part 1 – Video: Roles of digital media in facilitating student learning and engagement

Reference list for video:

Bala, E-Y 2013, Improving Classroom Instructions: Through Effective Classroom Management Approach in Nigeria Basic Education System. Journal of Educational and Social Research, vol. 3, no. 5, P. 38

Beaumont, C, O’Doherty, M, & Shannon, L 2011. Reconceptualising assessment feedback: a key to improving student learning? Studies in Higher Education, vol. 36, no. 6, p. 671

Carini, R.M, Kuh, G.D & Klein, S.P 2006, Student engagement and student learning: Testing the linkages. Research in Higher Education, vol. 47, no. 1, pp.1-32.

Emanuel, R & Adams, J 2006. Assessing college student perceptions of instructor customer service via the Quality of Instructor Service to Students (QISS) Questionnaire. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education,, vol. 31, no. 5, p. 535

Faltis, C 1996, Learning To Teach Content Bilingually In A Middle School Bilingual Classroom. The Bilingual Research Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 29-44

Michigan Virtual School 2016, MVS prepares students for a competitive future, retrieved 18 May 2016 < http://www.mivhs.org/About-Us >

 

Part 2 – Critical reflection

Creation of a video is an issue that requires compliance with a collection of factors as I came to experience in the process of creating mine. This is a case that involves capturing, editing and presentation of educational materials for use in any form of educational situations. To this cause, I had my audience in mind at the time I started thinking about the preparation process. I understood that the process starts with a pre-production in which case I had to define the purpose of the video in context of the purpose it was to serve. The second section was the production, which was the main part ad involved developing a compliant situation with the audience in mind. The workspace, audio, language and focus were important at this point. At this point, the dress for the camera was affected through creating a schooling situation because the ideal topic was the development of the use of technology in the learning process. Post a production of the video considered aspects such as inclusion of captions and then it will be important to obtain feedback for the same. Ideally, one of the most important factors in the creation of the video was the fact that quality had to be considered at all times.

 

The video created had to define the role that it plays in enhancing educational matters in classroom perspectives. In taking all the reasons for the creation of the video as expressed in the objectives, one of the most important issues is considered was that it had to function on the basis of serving students both at the classroom and long distance level. In this case, it had to be integrated into a system of development where it had to serve both internal and external functions.

 

One of the toughest sections that I had in creating the video was in the pre-production process. After defining the purpose of the video, and given that this is not a video that would be used in the introduction of a new thing, I noted that bridging the concepts was a very important aspect of the development criterion. This is an issue that required professional approach in which case I had to search for the counsel of some professional. The audience is a student population that is effectively concerned with many issues as opposed to just the video content.

 

Having obtained the counsel of a video production professional, I did not find the production process very tough because the plan at the initial level was creatively scripted and done. My friends were helpful in making it a success as they helped with the counsel and creation of the stage for the production process. The challenge at this point was the integration of the inclusion of captions that would be useful in making sure that the learners with special needs would be taken to account. However, this could only go to the level of integrating the audios in sound systems so that the people with hearing problems could attach the same to the ear listening aids. However, there was no possibility of presenting the same with the other learners with special needs such as the deaf and dumb learners.

 

In conclusion, I can clearly state that the video making mechanism was a challenge that set out a good experience in the educational field but was practical enough as a learning method for me.

 

(567 words)

My broader online activity and engagement

Before enrolling the unit ALC203, I only used my Twitter for my study purpose. For example, I could make a inquiry of my assignment and get a feedback as soon as possible. There is no doubt that Twitter is good tool for tutors and learners to communicate about the unit.

My online identity and my online participation

It seems that modern life has become inseparable from social media. As a student, just simply ask myself, ‘Can I survive a day without browsing any social media page or communicating with friends via social media group?’ The answer is obvious, it’s positive that the concept of social life is no longer solely about socializing or interacting with people offline/ in a real-life conversation. With the ‘invasion’ of the Internet into our everyday life, our social life has been reconstructed. Even a ‘real-life’ conversation could happen via a virtual platform, also known as online media. Many terms have been redefined, so has our identity. With such contemplation, my concerns are: How effective is my online identity? How can I build a better online persona to help me build a better overall image? And what should I do to ensure that my online identity most confirms to my authentic personal identity? My following content will extract content from several social media of mine to construct a better discussion.

Before I go start discussing about these concerns, I should probably reflect on my own online identity first. Virtual platforms are full of strong evidence of identity, such as information like one’s body, race, gender, age, personality and ethnicity (Thomas 2007, p. 6). Therefore, one’s online identity is somewhat a reflection of his or her own image in daily life, it won’t surprise anyone to find daily selfies on social media. For myself, I like to share happy moments of my life by posting selfies, food, cute photos of my pet and other friends, just to memorize the golden days. One side of my online identity shows that I am a positive, easygoing and pet-and-life-loving girl. This can be seen from my social media like Instagram and Facebook. I believe these posts have built an energetic online identity for myself.

However, I do not get involved in virtual social life frequently. I have concerns that often prevent me from sharing more information about myself and my life, for one of the most basic concerns, is it safe? I deem personal privacy an important aspect when considering online media, because it affects our real life and we may face dire situations if our private information gets revealed without authorization. Hence, this big concern has basically prevented me from opening more social media accounts in the first place, resulting in very few posts on my Twitter.

Tweets embedded from my personal Twitter account: @annabelfeng

As many of you believe, the online persona/identity shown on the Internet may not always be true. Often, it has been perfected. As I reflect upon online identity, including mine and others, I always concern with the issue of online authenticity. The Internet is not only a useful tool for communication, but also a ‘place’ to befriend with others and can be even inseparable from one’s self performance (Markham 1998, p. 20). Consequently, we see online identity as a great ingredient of one’s whole personality. Although I would naturally doubt what I perceive regarding one’s persona via social media, I would like my own online persona to be as real as possible, so I would sometimes make fun of the difference between one’s online and offline image myself. It’s not easy to come up with some principles or rules to maintain one’s online authenticity, since it’s basically a thing up to one’s moral standards. However, I believe the best principle to build an authentic online identity is to confirm to the facts. ‘Observers’ should also learn not to trust anything at first sight and develop their own judging standards.

The following infographic shows a simple self-introduction and several social medias that I am using, including in which year I signed up for social media sites, social media use frequency and so on. It is obvious to see that I have been using social media for thirteen years.

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My ‘infographic’ at EaselLy, created by Annabel Feng. 18 April 2016

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Photograph by Annabel Feng. 16 April 2016. Image on http://twitter.com/annabelfeng

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Twitter profile screenshot taken by Annabel Feng. 16 April 2016

Although online communities have its downside and many parents may want to curtail their children’s participation in such spaces, online social environments can be educationally and psychosocially beneficial by serving as a communication tool (Tynes 2007, p. 575-584). This has led to my last contemplation: what should I do to make better use of my online persona, also known as how can I achieve more through this? As a university student, I frequently use online platforms to finish my usual assignments, whether it’s done by myself or as a team work. However, as I come from a country where many internationally used media have been blocked, such as Twitter, it was difficult for me to get started at first, as everyone else has been using for years and already built an online network. So far, these ‘western’ social media have served more like a tool for me to do my work, instead acting as a real social media. Therefore, my short-term goal is to rebuild my online persona.

Specifically, I plan to set different purposes for different media. For example, I will share more about the ongoing events and results of my academic life by posting at university on Facebook, as I often use it to connect with my classmates and it comes naturally to use it to build an academic focused persona. Secondly, I plan to share more about my personal thinking and reflection upon daily happenings on Twitter, as Twitter itself is a media for sharing immediate thoughts and moments, so I think it would be an effective way to record such ideas and therefore people get to know the ‘deeper’ side of my persona. Last but not the least, I plan to use Instagram to record my colorful life, as I have already kept a good track of some of my good time in the past, and I believe it would be like a mirror of my life and people will get to know me comprehensively. Overall, by establishing a well-rounded online persona via different platforms, I hope that my friends and tutors will see me as a positive and beloved young professional, as authentic as possible.

(997 words, not including citation and captions)

Reference list

Thomas, A 2007, Youth online: Identity and literacy in the digital age, Peter Lang International Academic Publishers, Pieterlen, p. 6

Tynes, B.M 2007, Internet safety gone wild? Sacrificing the educational and psychosocial benefits of online social environments. Journal of Adolescent Research, vol. 22, no. 6, pp.575-584

Markham, A.N 1998, Life online: Researching real experience in virtual space, Rowman Altamira, p. 20

 

My broader online activity and engagement

Nowadays Twitter is playing a significant role in my academic work. It provides a platform for tutors and students to communicate, I could simply ‘Tweet’ (my twitter link: https://twitter.com/annbelfeng) my tutors to inquire about my assignment and my tutors would give me a feedback as soon as possible. Besides that, I also make tweets that relate to my unit and reflect on my study under the hash tag #ALC203. Therefore, Twitter has been a useful tool that guides my academic work in the right direction.